While in the hospital, most falls occur when patients try to get out of bed by themselves, usually when they are trying to get to the bathroom. Weakness, dizziness, medical equipment and unfamiliar surroundings are all risk factors for falling while in the hospital. It is always safer to ask for help when getting out of bed.
- Keep your call light within reach.
- Call for assistance with getting out of bed.
- Wear footwear with non-slip soles.
- Turn on adequate light when getting up.
- Keep your glasses within easy reach.
- Some medications or conditions may cause a frequent need to use the bathroom. Talk to your nurse about setting up a regular schedule for using the bathroom.
In some situations where a patient becomes agitated or confused, safety devices such as bed siderails, safety belts or safety vests may be used.